Free Trieste



The international Free Port of Trieste is a State Corporation of the present-day Free Territory of Trieste, an independent Sovereign State established at the coming into force of the Treaty of Peace with Italy, signed in Paris on 10 February 1947.

Article 34 of ANNEX VI to the Treaty, established and describes the International Free Port of Trieste:

“A free port shall be established in the Free Territory and shall be administered on the basis of the provisions of an international instrument drawn up by the Council of Foreign Ministers, approved by the Security Council, and annexed to the present Treaty (Annex VIII). The Government of the Free Territory shall enact all necessary legislation and take all necessary steps to give effect to the provisions of such instrument.”

To read the Treaty of Peace in the official English, French, and Russian versions: UN Treaty Series vol. 49 No. 747.

The Free Trieste Movement is actively raising awareness about this important economic resource, defined as the “European Singapore” by investigative newspaper “La Voce di Trieste” (LINK) and as the “Unknown Dimension” by economic Austrian newspaper “Börsen-Kurier” (LINK).

In 2014, following a notice of default to the administering Italian authorities (LINK) the Free Trieste Movement presented a formal notice to the Italian Government from Vienna (see the transcript of the press conference at this LINK): the document explains and clarifies the legal status of the Free Territory and international Free Port of Trieste, as well as presenting a draft decree to the administering Italian Government, for it to enforce the articles from 1 to 20 of Annex VIII to the 1947 Treaty of Peace and reactivate the correct administration of the international Free Port of the Free Territory of Trieste: LINK

Unfortunately, the Italian political system is since long attempting to suffocate this unique free port to favor the same Italian ports that are under the most strict control of organized criminality; on this topic, see the analysis  “The Italian sabotage of the strategic ports of Trieste and Koper” published by investigative newspaper “La Voce di Trieste” – LINK

Another part of this operation is the attempted disruption of the Northern Free Port (surreptitiously called “Porto Vecchio” as in the old port), because it is a surreptitious attempt to illegally remove half of the functional infrastructures of the International Free Port: LINK

In July 2017, the Italian Government issued a decree for the administrative management of the free zones of the Free Port of Trieste, in which it had to recognize to be exercising the temprare civil administration of the present-day Free Territory and international Free Port of Trieste. All details are contained in the official statement of the International Provisional Representative of the Free Territory of Trieste – I.P.R. F.T.T. which is published, together with the English translation of the decree, by newspaper “Il Corriere di Trieste” at this LINK.

In January 2020, the International Provisional Representative of the Free Territory of Trieste – I.P.R. F.T.T. has summoned before Court the Italian government, some of its Ministries, and some of its bodies, including the Port Authority and the Municipality of Trieste, under accusation of violating the legal status and tax system of the Free Territory and of its international Free Port as well as following the illegitimate agreements the same bodies concluded with the People’s Republic of China: LINK

The Italian-Chinese agreements do not only constitute a breach of the Treaty of Peace (Annex VIII, art. 3.2), but constitute a serious strategic risk: Trieste, together with the nearby ports of Koper – Capodistria (Slovenia), Rijeka (Croatia) and Ploče (Bosnia) constitutes the southern wing of the US-backed Three Seas Initiative (TSI), which does already include most Central European States that are granted special rights over this unique international Free Port (Annex VI, art. 33).

The press releases of the Free Trieste Movement regarding the defence of the International Free Port of the Free Territory of Trieste, as well as the economic potential and advantages offered by this strategic area are published here: LINK

The present-day Free Territory of Trieste borders with Italy and with Slovenia:

The present-day Free Territory of Trieste (since 1992).