Free Trieste



The international Free Port of Trieste is a State Corporation of the present-day Free Territory of Trieste, an independent Sovereign State established at the end of WWII. The Treaty of Peace with Italy (art. 21) establishes the new State under a provisional regime of Government. Annexes VI, VII, VIII, and X provide its basic law.


Art. 34, Annex VI to that Treaty establishes and describes the International Free Port:

“A free port shall be established in the Free Territory and shall be administered on the basis of the provisions of an international instrument drawn up by the Council of Foreign Ministers, approved by the Security Council, and annexed to the present Treaty (Annex VIII).


The Government of the Free Territory shall enact all necessary legislation and take all necessary steps to give effect to the provisions of such instrument.”


The Treaty of Peace (in English, French, and Russian) is in the UN Treaty Series (vol. 49 No. 747).


Since 1954, the British and US Governments have sub-entrusted the Italian Government with the temporary civil administration of the present-day Free Territory. The Memorandum of Understanding regarding the Free Territory has not affected Trieste’s independence (see: US Department of State).


Free Trieste is actively raising awareness about the legal status and the economic opportunities and potential of this little European State. Trieste is described as a potential “European Singapore” (investigative newspaper “La Voce di Trieste” – LINK) and as the “Unknown Dimension” (Austrian newspaper “Börsen-Kurier” – LINK).

Free Trieste’s work:

In October 2014, following a notice of default to the administering Italian authorities (LINK) the Free Trieste Movement presented a formal notice to the Italian Government from Vienna (see the transcript of the press conference at this LINK).


The document explains and clarifies the legal status of the Free Territory and international Free Port of Trieste, as well as presenting a draft decree to the administering Italian Government, for it to enforce the articles from 1 to 20 of Annex VIII to the 1947 Treaty of Peace and reactivate the correct administration of the international Free Port of the Free Territory of Trieste: LINK


Unfortunately, the Italian political establishment is since long attempting to suffocate this unique free port to favor Italian ports, including some of those controlled by criminal cartels.


On this topic: analysis “The Italian sabotage of the strategic ports of Trieste and Koper” on “La Voce di Trieste” – LINK


Another aspect of the same operation is the attempted disruption of the Northern Free Port (surreptitiously called “Porto Vecchio” or “old port”), including illegal attempts to cancel its legal status: LINK


In July 2017, the Italian Government issued a decree “for the administrative management” of Trieste’s port free zones. In the decree, the Italian Government recognizes to exercise temprare civil administration over the present-day Free Territory and over its international Free Port.


Newspaper “Il Corriere di Trieste” commented and translated the decree in English: LINK.

The States of the Three Seas Initiative, in blue (Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia) and the Free Territory of Trieste, with its international Free Port as a red dot in Northern Adriatic.

The civil lawsuit initiated by the I.P.R. F.T.T.

In January 2020, the International Provisional Representative of the Free Territory of Trieste – I.P.R. F.T.T. has summoned before Court the Italian government, some of its Ministries, and some of its bodies, including the Port Authority and the Municipality of Trieste, under accusation of violating the legal status and tax system of the Free Territory and of its international Free Port as well as following the illegitimate agreements the same bodies concluded with the People’s Republic of China: LINK

The Italian-Chinese agreements do not only constitute a breach of the Treaty of Peace (Annex VIII, art. 3.2), but also a serious strategic risk: Trieste, together with the nearby ports of Koper – Capodistria (Slovenia), Rijeka (Croatia) and Ploče (Bosnia) is the southern wing of the US-backed Three Seas Initiative (TSI, see map above). The TSI include many Central European States that are already granted special rights over the international Free Port.

The Free Trieste Movement’s press releases regarding the defense of the International Free Port of Trieste, as well as the economic potential and advantages it offers are HERE

The present-day Free Territory of Trieste (since 1992).

The present-day Free Territory of Trieste borders with Italy and with Slovenia: