Free Trieste Movement

SILENCE ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CITIZENS AND OF THE ENTERPRISES OF THE FREE TERRITORY OF TRIESTE

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853 CITIZENS AND ENTERPRISES OF THE FREE TERRITORY OF TRIESTE ASK THE IMMEDIATE RECOGNITION OF THEIR RIGHTS. BUT THE PROVISIONAL ITALIAN GOVERNMENT REMAINS SILENT.

because whenever any form of government denies the principles of truth, justice and solidarity committing abuses, misappropriations, injuries and usurpations, therefore becoming tyrannical and unbearable, the oppressed people has the right to change or to abolish that in order to establish a new Government founding on those principles, and to organize the powers in the forms that it considers to be most suitable to grant its safety for its future and happiness

(Abstract from the Charter of Rights of the Citizens and of the Enterprises of the Free Territory of Trieste presented by the Free Trieste Movement on 20.05.2015).

ON 31 December 2015 in front of the Place of the Government of Trieste, in the historical and fascinating Piazza Grande, the Free Trieste Movement organised a demonstration more than jut symbolic, to remember the continuous violation of the rights of the citizens and of the enterprises of the Free Territory of Trieste committed by Italian authorities.

On 20 May 2015 the Free Trieste Movement presented to the General Commissar of the Government an act that made her responsible of giving an answer to the many requests presented by the citizens of the Free Territory of Trieste as for the recognition of their rights and against all act of denial or persecution that the State of Italy could commit against them, since that has no competence over Trieste and its international Free Port, being the Free Territory of Trieste an independent State under a regime of temporary civil government.

The act that was lodged on 20 May with the first signatures was the Charter of Rights of the Citizens and of the Enterprises of the Free Territory of Trieste. Since that time, this document, which represents the base of the right of all citizens of the Free Territory of Trieste has been signed by 853 citizens and enterprises. The Charter of Rights covers 20 points, and the signatories requested that the General Commissar of the Government respects them as representative of the provisional Italian Government.

After 7 months, no answer was received by the Commissar of the Government, even if the claims of the citizens are legitimate, and she did also refuse to take action to defend the citizens who are undergoing illegitimate forced evictions, committed by Italian authorities.

Situations that go worsening a situation that gets out of hand day by day. Because the denial of the law does always cause social uncertainty. And this is a fact of which the State of Italy is aware, so it attempts to hide its liabilities, causing the reactions of the citizens who are deprived of their rights in order to then repress them, charging them with subversion. A station that reminds that of Argentina during the military dictatorship of the 1970s.

During the 31 December 2015 demonstration, Free Trieste wanted to denounce to public opinion the serious liabilities of the Italian Government. A provisional government that is going as far as to attempt the complete cancellation, in spite of the rights of the international community – of the international Free Port of Trieste. 100 crosses with the writing “cittadino del Territorio Libero di Trieste (TLT)” – “citizen of the Free Territory of Trieste (FTT)” were posed at the entrance of the Palace of the Government, which is the office for the provisional administration in Trieste.

100 sepulchral crosses, to testify the continuate violation of the rights of all citizens of the Free Territory of Trieste, committed by  the Italian Government on one side and by the usurper State of Italy – the Republic of Italy – on the other. Follow the 20 points of the Charter of Rights of the Citizens of the Free Territory of Trieste, still unanswered by the provisional Italian Government.

therefore, as Citizens of the Free Territory of Trieste

trusting our good reason and the rightfulness of out intentions, under the instruments of international law in force, Resolution No. 16/1947 of the Security Council of the United nations and the Treaty of Peace of Paris of February 10th, 1947, which do already establish our freedom and independence, our legal order as a State and the mutual rights and duties towards all other States, including Italy,

recalling

the principles of the Declaration of Independence of the United States of America, the Charter of the United nations, the Montevideo Convention of the Rights and Duties of States, the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, the Final Act of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europa and of the Charter of Paris,

and calling

the solidarity, the powers and legitimate interests of other Nations, their people, their Governments and of international organizations

d e c l a ri n g

that all citizens of the current Free Territory of Trieste, of any ethnic group, gender, language, faith and nationality, free and equal to each other and to all the people in the world, have and want to exercise, for themselves and for their interests, the following fundamental rights, established by the international legal system, demanding their immediate respect and fulfillment to the administering Government and to the Security Council of the United nations, awaiting the decisions of the Security Council as for the means of continuation of the temporary administration until the establishment of the permanent Government of the current Free Territory of Trieste:

1) the right that their legal status of citizens of the current Free Territory of Trieste is recognized and respected by the provisional Government or by the Authority acting as such, by all the States and by the Organization of the United Nations, under the direct protection of the Security Council (Resolution No. 16/1947; Treaty of Peace of Paris, Article 21, point 1);

2) the right to have a provisional regime of government (Article 21 and Annex VII) that is honest and correct, exercised under the Treaty of Peace, entrusted to a reliable Government of a reliable State, which has no interests conflicting with these of the current Free Territory of Trieste and of its international Free Port, or to an Authority of the United Nations;

3) the right that this provisional administration is carried out like that of the Allied Military Government of the Free Territory of Trieste (AMG – FTT), under the official State insignias of the Free Territory of Trieste (Annex VI, Article. 8) and of no other State:

4) the right that this administration enforces, in the provisional regime, all compatible norms of the Permanent Regime of the Free Territory of Trieste (Annex VII, article 2, subparagraphs 3 and 4), as well as the needed updates and integrations as for technical, economical, citizenship, languages and other current matters;

5) the rights that this provisional administration issues rightful laws suiting the situation and needs of the current Free Territory of Trieste, with special regard for the human rights and the rights of other living beings, freedom of enterprise, working rights, housing rights, health care, social assistance, the protection of the environment;

6) the right to be officially and correctly represented in foreign relations by this provisional administrations, as previously done by the Allied Military Government of the Free Territory of Trieste, at the United nations and before international organizations, in the relations with other European States and with the European Union, as well as under Article 24 of Annex VI ;

7) the right that this provisional administration and the Security Council of the United Nations take care to enforce compliance of all the rights and obligations of other States as for the international Free Port and current Free Territory of Trieste, including the obligations of Italy in regard to social insurances, related reserves and the payment of pensions (Annex X, articles 7 and 8);

8) the right to have their own honest and equal financial and fiscal State administration, separated from that of other States (Annexes VI and VII) not burdened by the fiscal impositions and abnormal public debts of the State of Italy (Annex X, article 5) or that of any other State;

9) the right not to be unfairly expropriated of their house by bodies and laws of the State of Italy, as that has no sovereignty nor jurisdiction over the Free Territory of Trieste (Article 21, point 2 of the Treaty of Peace);

10) the right to the immediate public recognition and re-establishment of the State and Demanial Property of the current Free Territory of Trieste and that of its international Free Port under the provisions of the Treaty of Peace (Annex X, Article 1; Annex VIII, Article 2, point 2);

11) the right to directly elect its representatives on the bases of proportional representation and as part of the independent institutions of the Free Territory of Trieste, as established by the Treaty of Peace (Annexes VI and VII);

12) the right to the complete and free development of the international Free Port of the Free Territory of Trieste in fulfillment of Article 34 of Annex VI and of all the provisions of Annex VIII of the Treaty of peace, including the International Commission for the Free Port (articles 21, 22 and  23), as well as the needed updates and free competition with the ports of other States, but without being subject to their interests and with no artificial actions to divert traffics in their favor (Annex VIII, Article 16, point 3);

13) the right of preference, in case of equal qualification, to the citizens in the appointment of employees of the international Free Port of the Free Territory of Trieste (Annex VIII, article 18, point 3);
14) the right to open and use the Naval Register of the ships flying the flag of the Free Territory of Trieste, and of the Naval registers for the registration, upon demand of their governments, of the ships flying the flag of Switzerland, Austria, Hungary, Czech Republic or Slovakia (Annex VI, article 33);

15) the right to open and use the registry of Commercial Aviation of the Free Territory of Trieste (Annex VI, article 32);

16) the right of State ownership and use of the railways of the current Free Territory of Trieste (Annex VI, article 31);

17) the right to re-open and develop the Stock Exchange of Trieste, illegally shout down by the administering Italian Government and by the State of Italy in 1996;

18) the right that the provisional administration arranges in the best possible way and at the earliest possible time the coming into force of the Permanent Statute of the Free Territory of Trieste;

19) the right that the provisional administration fulfills, rapidly and efficiently, the revision and abolition of all norms and provisions that were implemented in the Free Territory of Trieste under the responsibility of the administering Italian Government in violation of the provisions and obligations of the Treaty of Peace of February 10th, 1947 and of the Memorandum of Understanding of London of 1954;

20) the right, in case the provisional administration commits further – active or omissive – violations of the international status of the Free Territory of Trieste and of its international Free Port, to exercise the right to self-determination of peoples, established and recognized under the Charter of the United Nations (ratified by Italy with Law No. 848/1957), under the Declaration of Principles of International Law, Friendly Relations and Co-operation Among States in Accordance with the Charter of the United Nations (UN General Assembly Resolution 2625/1970), under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ratified by Italy with Law No. 881/1977) and under the Final Act of the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe.

Translated from blog “Environment and Legality” by Roberto Giurastante

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