Free Trieste Movement

ITALIAN CHEMICAL WEAPONS IN THE FREE TERRITORY OF TRIESTE

2012_07_17.1Huge dumping sites, which do not only hide hazardous waste, but also the remnants of the Italian  warfare arsenal. What we are talking about is not just old rifles, bombs, unexploded mines, rotten scraps of cannons and other “memorabilia” worth a war museum. What we are talking about does also include weapon of mass destruction, as Italy had realized these between 1914 and 1945.

Chemical weapons that, after the Second World War and after signing the Treaty of Peace of 1947, Italy could no longer own. And so, these were brought in then Zone A of the Free Territory of Trieste, which had been entrusted to the Italian Government under a special trusteeship mandate in October 1954.

The present-day Free Territory of Trieste became a relief valve for Italy, that has hidden all kinds of “poisons of State” in there. Poisons of State that were only joining the huge stocks of chemical weapons that had been temporary stored there and abandoned after WWII.

The operations to hide this thorny “waste” intensified and extended also to the international Free Port of Trieste with high maritime landfills in the mid-1960s, after the establishment of a new body used to deceptively simulate Italian sovereignty over the Free Territory of Trieste: Region Friuli Venezia Giulia.

A good example of this new use of the port is the landfill/embankment of Barcola. As years passed, this strategy of devastating the territory was maintained, expanding the dumping sites – both coastal and under the level of the sea – getting closer and closer to the border with then Yugoslavia and also moving most of the hazardous waste, including these of the Italian chemical arsenal on the highlands of the Karst.

The severeness of the devastation of the environment of the Free Territory of Trieste has no equal around the word, especially taking into account the surface of this small State (about 212 km2). A neutral, demilitarized State, turned into a landfill of waste, including military waste, by the very authorities that, instead, should have administered it on behalf of the Governments of the United States and of the United Nations, as well as on behalf of the United Nations but, instead, took advantage of the tensions of the Cold War to ransack it.

Currently, Italy is trying to make the tracks of this environmental rape disappear, at least, the most compromising ones must go. And so, the drums that contained chemical weapons vanish, in the dumping sites of the Karst, where they did “rest in peace” for decades, after leaking their load of deadly poisons and under the protection of Italian authorities.

It is in beneath the surface of the Free Territory that the evidences of this crime against the environment and against humanity are now hidden. It is a well-planned environmental disaster and it caused lots of victims. And it goes on, killing every single cursed day. Here, this is the “redemption” of Trieste according to Italy.

Translated from blog “Ambiente e Legalità” – “Environment and Legality” by Roberto Giurastante

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WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION AND THE ENVIRONMENTAL DEVASTATION OF THE “DEMILITARIZED” FREE TERRITORY OF TRIESTE, USEFUL LINKS:

From the website of environmentalist organization Greenaction – Transnational  (English version hosted on our website):

From Environment and Legality (English version hosted on our website):