Free Trieste


With a note dated July 28th, 2011 the European Commission confirmed the opening of an investigation concerning the environmental pollution that affects the province of Trieste, but also the suspension of the duty-free regime of the Northern Free Port (“old” port) of Trieste, as well as the question about whenever or not Italian authorities respect human in “Zone A” of the Free Territory of Trieste – FTT. The complaint was presented by me personally, on July 11th, 2011: I did it as a citizen of the Free Territory of Trieste, established by the Treaty of Peace of 1947.

The reasons of my appeal:

Ever since 1997, as a representative of Non-Government Organizations (currently Alpe Adria Green and Greenaction Transnational), I conduced many investigations regarding environmental pollution in this particular area of Europe.

I did also investigate the use EU funds, especially when they were involved in projects “for touristic development”. It wasn’t easy getting the citizens to participate in environment-related procedures.

Through detailed investigations, I did also take interest in tendering procedures regarding public works, including the biggest projects for the concreting of the coast of the province of Trieste, but also in the issues surrounding industrial power plants (and LNG terminals), not to mention the attempted, massive building speculation in the area of the Northern Free Port of Trieste (surreptitiously renamed by local politicians “porto vecchio” as in “the old port” because to them old = useless).

So many investigations were of course brought before the local Courts: the results were that there is, indeed a local “establishment” built on the systematic breach of both Italian and European laws. Yet, in the end, I had to face the fact that even the judiciary was seriously involved in the local system of corruption.

All the cases I had reported were dismissed, often without further investigations and, just for reporting to the authorities and denouncing to public opinion situations of absolute seriousness, I had to undergo alarming threats and legal persecutions, being substantial deprivation of my very civil rights.

What I reported so far to EU authorities:

Since locally there was no way out, I decided to seek justice before European authorities.

About the environment:

I denounced the environmental disaster of Trieste and its province, as well as the repressive actions of the Italian judiciary which I was suffering in retaliation both for denouncing to public opinion the dramatic situation than had been hidden for decades to protect State interests and for opposing the local establishment, a system of institutionalized corruption and the main responsible of the pollution that affects this territory due to decades of illegal traffics which, for the part 57 years of Italian administration, were allowed to continue outside and above any law.

To have a better understanding of what the “administration” sub-entrusted to the Italian Government in 1954 meant for Trieste’s environment, I recommend dossier “D for dumping sites – Operation Attila and the devastation of the Free Territory of Trieste: organization and execution of a State crime”.

About the international Free Port:

This environmental disaster does also affect the international Port of Trieste, because one of the goals of the local establishment’s operations was to downgrade it for the sake of Italian Ports. This negative turn of events made the former first port of Austria-Hungary and its precious free zone batten, despite having a legal status worth massive trade and traffics, and thus the perfect site for a dangerous and polluting oil terminal.

This is how the Port of Trieste shared the ill-fate of the city and its territory, becoming a crossing point for hazardous waste and a “free zone” for the most dangerous trades, even these classified under the label of Secret of State. Coastal and marine landfills completed the receipt for the annihilation of a conquered land.

The latest, final phase of the destruction of the Port of Trieste is the attempt to turn its Northern Free Port in an urban area, allowing a massive building speculation, worth at least EUR 2 billion.

Houses, Hotels, recreational yacht basins, stores, casinos. A new Monte Carlo of the Balkans, this is the future the local establishment envisions for the city-port of Trieste: a perfect city for the Italian mafias.

Opening the gates to this disruption, the recent suspension of the Free Zone regime of the Northern Free Port, ordered by the Commissar of the Government in Friuli Venezia Giulia illegally, since this Italian officer has no power to suspend a permanently bound free zone. This actions has been itself reported to European authorities.

So many illegal actions have caused incredible damages and losses of revenues to such a small territory: they about to about EUR 100 billion, ranging from  environmental pollution and the effects of downgrading the international Free Port by suppressing and diverting its commercial traffics.

About the rights of the Free Territory of Trieste:

The facts I have reported so far took place in the province of Trieste: under the 1947 Treaty of Peace, this area is the Free Territory of Trieste – FTT, and my complaints to protect it were done as a representative of organizations, as European citizens, but also a citizen of the FTT: I want to to protect the environment and the interests of my community, which are seriously harmed by Italy, the Member State of the EU whose Government is currently sub-entrusted with the temporary civil administration of the Free Territory of Trieste and of its international Free Port.

My request to the EU:

That the European Commission, as for its role or guarantor of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the E.U. and also as guarantor of International Treaties, ensures compliance with the International and Communitarian Law which Italy is violating in Trieste-FTT;

As citizen of Europe and of the FTT, appealing to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, undersigned by the EU, to have my fundamental rights granted, since Italian justice has failed to do so;

That the European Commission informs the UN that Italy took the unilateral decision to suspend the free port regime of the Port of Trieste by allowing, in breach of the 1947 Treaty of Peace, that the Northern Free Port be used for activities that are far outside its legal status.

Translated from blog “Ambiente e Legalità” – “Environment and Legality” by Roberto Giurastante on August 12th, 2011.