Free Trieste Movement



The entrance of the Parco delle Vele in Porto San Rocco: the dumping site, disguised as a garden/playground has been definitively sanctioned by the European Court of Justice.

The judgment of the European Court of Justice that condemns Italy for the landfill in Porto San Rocco, Muggia, is an important turning point for the unresolved question of environmental pollution in Trieste. But it is also also the happy conclusion of an action in defense of the environment and of public health that has started many years ago, by a few people who had to struggle against many.

The story of this landfill is a perfect example of the struggle agains the system of illegality that rules Trieste. An isntitution-fueled system which, therefore, is very hard to defeat. Harder than in the lands of criminal organizations.

It’s been 12 years since I presented the complaint to denounce this dangerous landfill, built with the protection of local public administrations, in Porto San Rocco, what would have become the feather in the cap of touristic marinas of the Adriatico. Which, instead, became one of the valves of the unresting system for the uncontrolled disposal of waste which, in Trieste, was active since always (at least, since the nefarious arrival of the Republic of Italy in these lands) with strong ties between institutions and organised criminality (but institutionalised criminality would be more correct). This is how the whole marina of Porto San Rocco, in Muggia, was used to make easily disappear toxic and hazardous in the underground, while, on top of what had become a huge illegal dumping site were built houses, shops, docks, parks.

Among those, the so-called “Parco delle Vele”, an artificial hill by the sea, used to hide 18,000 tons. of sludges made of polychlorinated biphenyl, aromatic hydrocarbons, heavy metals. a cocktail of deadly pollutants hidden in a plastic sack – its watertightness was guaranteed for 10 years. The hill, turned into a garden and playground for children, as well as the shore at its feet, had become the perfect tomb to make disappearr the most hazardous waste, whose legal disposal would be too onerous.

More dumping sites would then be realized in Porto San Rocco, right by the sea. Other than those within the touristic marina, it is worth mentioning the “Acquario” dumping site (named after the company who is responsible for it) on the border with Slovenia. Even that time the dumping site was built up by toxic and hazardous waste and it should have been used to build (yes, right above a landfill) a seaside resort.

Right in front of the Acquario dumping site there were (and there are) some of the main mussel farms of the province of Trieste which were fully affected by the ongoing dumping of hazardous waste, including enormous quantities of deadly mercury.

I told the story of those dumping sites and of the system of masonic mafias who is responsible for the environmental disaster of Trieste in book “Tracce di Legalità” (Tracks of Legality). A long, painful story for the ones who opposed to the Italian ecomafias which, since ever, act undisturbed in Trieste.

For denouncing the existence of the illegal dumping site of Porto San Rocco and its dangers, I was committed for trial by Public Prosecutor Federico Frezza: according to the accuse, I exceeded in my interventions, by denouncing the dangers for public health. The authors of the crime, of the dumping site, were “saved”. They were not committed for trial, they were “blessed” with the offence being declared time-barred, because the Judge of the Preliminary Investigations of the Court of Trieste did not recognize the continuity of neither pollution nor that of the crime.

When it comes to environmental crimes, in Italy, considering an offence time-barred is essentially the first step towards its definitive cover-up. And, in facts, local public administrations, starting with the Municipality of Muggia, would do nothing to remediate the area which, prescinding criminal liability, was seriously polluted. To the point of attempting remediating the situation by maintaining the dumping site and declaring their environmental compatibility with both the environment and public health, an a reverted definition of environmental and sanitary laws.

In spite of the wall of silence of Italian authorities, the situation was blocked when I presented a complaint to the European Union. The European Commission added the illegal landfill of Porto San Rocco to infringement procedure no. 2003/2007 against Italy.

This happened at the same time as I was under trial for denouncing to public opinion the existence of the landfill. A trial which ended with my acquittal, but also showing tua policy of Italian judicial authority on the question of pollution in Trieste. Nobody shall disturb polluters, especially since this would have revealed the liability of the State that was occupying the Free Territory of Trieste in this environmental devastation.

In facts, there still is much silence about the – still – almost unknown environmental disaster of Trieste, and it is hard having others realize its intenrational political relevance. We are not talking about the serious pollution of a small province of Italy, but the planning and execution of an environmental crime against the territory of another State. The 272 square kilometres of the province of Trieste were used by the State of Italy as dumping site for special waste, with the cooperation of the humbly enslaved local public administrations.

A management of waste aiming at “destroying” the territory of the enemy. From the Karst, with hundreds of caves and doline turned into landfills, to the sea, with the whole costal line (including the intenrational Free Port) surrendered by embankments of waste and marine dumping sites under the sea, the Territory of Trieste was, for decades, a massive experimental laboratory for the disposal of the waste of Italian institutional ecomafias. And it is obvious that, currently, the ones who did it are not willing to pay any damages to the ones who had to suffer this devious pollution, to the point of being poisoned by it.

So, this is the importance of the actions which allow to establish the responsibilities of the pollution in the territory of Trieste, overcoming the barriers of corrupted justice which Italy has warned about a thorny past and an uncertain future.

The dumping site “disguised” as garden/playground of Porto San Rocco in Muggia is one of the dumping sites which lead to the condemn of Italy, ruled by the European Court of Justice (case C-196/13) on December 2nd, 2014. As reminded by the European Commission, Italy now has to pay heavy sanctions, until the full decontamination of the polluted area.

It took 12 years of struggles against a whole system of misgovernance to archive this result. A little step to free Trieste from pollution. A great result for the ones who do still believe in legality.


The letter of the European Commission, confirming to Greenaction Transnational the serious pollution in Porto San Rocco and that Italy has to decontaminate the area.

Translated from blog “Ambiente e Legalità” – “Environment and Legality” by Roberto Giurastante